About the Ohio Bar Exam

Uniform Bar Examination (UBE)

Ohio administers the Uniform Bar Examination (UBE). It is a 2-day test administered by the Supreme Court of Ohio twice each year, in February and July. The UBE consists of three parts developed by the National Conference of Bar Examiners – the Multistate Performance Test (MPT), Multistate Essay Examination (MEE), and Multistate Bar Examination (MBE). The MPT and MEE together comprise 50% of the examination (the MEE is 30% and the MPT is 20%). The MBE is the remaining 50%. The MBE and MEE cover national general law, not state-specific law. For further information, see the Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions - Ohio Bar Examination - Uniform Bar Examination web page.

Multistate Performance Test (MPT)

The Multistate Performance Test (MPT) is a closed universe writing test. The MPT tests fundamental lawyering skills, not substantive knowledge. The MPT is given on Tuesday morning of the bar exam, and applicants must complete 2 MPT problems. Each MPT problem replicates an assignment that might be given to a first-year associate in a law firm or government agency. The problem provides necessary law and facts in the forms that a lawyer might find them (e.g., cases, statutes, witness statements, newspaper articles, letters, and client interviews). You are required to use only the law provided in the problem. You must finish each problem in 90 minutes, and it can range from drafting a contract, to writing a brief, memorandum, or client letter.

The National Conference of Bar Examiners Study Aids and Multistate Performance Test - Preparing web pages provide links to MPT preparation materials, including "Free Summaries of MPTs from Recent Administrations" (e.g., MPT Summaries February 2022) and "Free MPTS and Point Sheets from Older Administrations" (eg, July 2017). The Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions - Bar Exam web page includes MPT Summaries and Selected Answers from February 2011 to the present - the MPT Summaries and Selected Answers are included in the Bar Examination Essay Questions for those years.

Essay Portion of the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) - Multistate Essay Examination (MEE)

The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) consists of six 30 minute essays administered on Tuesday afternoon of the bar exam. All six essays are given to the applicant at the start of the test. Some questions may include issues in more than one area of law. The particular areas covered vary from exam to exam. The subjects may include:

  • Business Associations (Agency and Partnership; Corporations and Limited Liability Companies)
  • Civil Procedure
  • Conflict of Laws
  • Constitutional Law
  • Contracts (including Article 2 [Sales] of the Uniform Commercial Code)
  • Criminal Law and Procedure
  • Evidence
  • Family Law
  • Real Property
  • Torts
  • Trusts and Estates (Decedents' Estates; Trust and Future Interests
  • Article 9 (Secured Transactions) of the Uniform Commercial Code

The National Conference of Bar Examiners Study Aids and Multistate Essay Examination - Preparing web pages provide links to MEE preparation materials, including "Free MEE Questions and Analyses from Older Administrations" (eg, July 2017). The Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions - Bar Exam web page includes Bar Examination Essay Questions for July 1997 to the present. The CSU|Law Library has copies of Ohio Bar Examination Essay Questions and Selected Answers for 1992, 1994-2016, July 2018, and February 2019 to the present - see KFO76 .Z9 O553.

Multiple Choice Portion of the Uniform Bar Examination (UBE) - Multistate Bar Examination (MBE)

The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is the multiple choice part of the Ohio Bar exam. The MBE is a 6-hour, 200-question multiple-choice examination covering Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Contracts, Criminal Law and Procedure, Evidence, Real Property, and Torts. The MBE is given on Wednesday of the bar exam.

The National Conference of Bar Examiners Study Aids and Multistate Bar Examination - Preparing web pages provide links to MBE preparation materials, including Free [MBE] Sample Test Questions with an answer key. NOTE: The free MBE Sample Test Questions "do not represent all the material covered."

Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE)

In addition to passing the Uniform Bar Examination, the Supreme Court of Ohio requires that all bar applicants pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) before they can practice law.

The Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) tests one's knowledge of the rules of professional conduct for lawyers and judges. It is a two-hour, 60-question multiple choice examination. The MPRE is based on the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct, ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct and controlling constitutional decisions. It can be taken any time during law school, and even after you’ve taken the bar examination. Many people take the MPRE during the CSU College of Law Legal Profession (Law 643) course. Students are strongly encouraged to complete the MPRE requirement during law school.

The National Conference of Bar Examiners Examiners Study Aids and Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination - Preparing web page includes Free [MPRE] Sample Test Questions with an answer key. NOTE: These free MPRE Sample Test Questions "do not represent all the material covered."

Ohio Law Component (OLC)

In addition to passing the Uniform Bar Examination, the Supreme Court of Ohio requires that all bar applicants pass the Ohio Law Component (OLC) before they can practice law.

The Ohio Law Component (OLC) is administered to ensure that attorneys who desire to be licensed in Ohio are aware of the unique aspects and rules of the Ohio judicial system, as well as state-specific legal principles. The OLC consists of outlines and an online, open-book, 25-question multiple choice examination covering relevant Ohio-specific components. A passing score is 80% or higher. There is no time limit to take the OLC, and no limit on the number of times you can take the OLC. The Friday after taking the Uniform Bar Examination (UBE), the Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions will notify you by email about taking the OLC and registering with ExamSoft.

The Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions website provides Ohio Law Component (OLC) outlines. The focus of the outlines is on awareness of, and access to, critical information about being a licensed Ohio Attorney, the Ohio judicial system, and state-law distinctions. It is not intended that any outline include everything an attorney may need to know regarding any topic.

For further information, see the Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions - Ohio Bar Examination - Ohio Law Component web page.

 

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