OHIO WILL ADMINISTER ITS CURRENT BAR EXAMINATION THROUGH FEBRUARY 2020. BEGINNING IN JULY OF 2020, OHIO WILL ADMINSTER THE UNIFORM BAR EXAMINATION (UBE).
Ohio’s CURRENT bar exam (administered in July 2019 and Feruary 2020) is similar to most state bar examinations. It has three components: (1) an essay portion; (2) the Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), which consists of multiple choice questions; and (3) the Multistate Performance Test (MPT), which is a closed universe writing problem. A passing score is 405 out of a maximum score of approximately 600. The MBE counts for 1/3 of the score; the essays and the MPT count for 2/3 of the score. There is information below on each portion of the bar exam, as well as on the Bar Exam Logistics page.
For the Ohio bar exam, applicants may use a laptop computer to answer the essay and MPT portions of the exam. You must use your own laptop with ExamSoft's SofTest software. A nonrefundable fee is required to register with ExamSoft to use your laptop. Laptop registration is open for a limited period before each examination. For more information on using a laptop at the bar exam, connect to www.examsoft.com/ohbar.
In addition to passing the bar exam, the Supreme Court of Ohio requires that all bar applicants pass the Multistate Professional Responsibility Examination (MPRE) before they can practice law.
Substance Abuse Education Seminar (Required for Applicants Taking the Ohio Bar Examination)
All applicants for the Ohio Bar Exam are required to take at least one hour of instruction on substance abuse, including causes, prevention, detection, and treatment alternatives.
Cleveland-Marshall College of Law sponsers free Seminars for our Ohio bar exam takers. Substance Abuse Seminars are offered in the Fall and Spring Semesters. Emails will be sent at the beginning of the Semester with the dates and locations. Registration is required. Questions? Please contact Mary Jane McGinty at firstname.lastname@example.org or 216-687-2297.
Applicants for the Ohio Bar Examination must answer 12 essay questions. The essay questions are prepared by the Ohio Board of Bar Examiners. There will be one question on any topic, plus one question on each of these 11 general subject areas:
- Business Associations (Corporations, Agency or Partnership)
- Civil Procedure
- Constituional Law (including First Amendment)
- Commercial Transactions (Commerical Law and Secured Transaction
- Contracts (Common Law and Sales of Goods)
- Criminal Law and Procedure
- Legal Ethics
- Property (Real and Personal)
Applicants are given 6 essay questions at a time on Tuesday aftrnoon and Thursday morning of the bar exam. Plan on writing each essay answer in thrity minutes. You must answer each essay question in 3,900 characters or less, if using a laptop computer, or one sheet of lined paper, front and back, if hand writing.
The Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions - Bar Examination web page includes sample Ohio Bar Examination Essay Questions from 1997 to present. The C|M|Law Library has copies of Ohio Bar Examination Essay Questions and Selected Answers for 1992, 1994-2016, & 2018 - see KFO76 .Z9 O553.
The Multistate Bar Examination (MBE) is the multiple choice part of the Ohio Bar exam. The MBE is a 6 hour, multiple choice, 200 question examination covering Contracts, Torts, Civil Procedure, Constitutional Law, Criminal Law, Criminal Procedure, Evidence , and Real Property. The MBE is given on Wednesday of the bar exam.
The National Conference of Bar Examiners website includes MBE Sample Test Questions and MBE Sample Civil Procedure Questions, both with an answer key. Note: These MBE Sample Test Questions "do not represent all the material covered."
The Multistate Performance Test (MPT) is a closed universe writing test. The MPT is given on Tuesday morning of the bar exam, and applicants must complete 2 MPTs. Each MPT problem replicates an assignment that might be given to a first-year associate in a law firm or government agency. The problem provides necessary law and facts in the forms that a lawyer might find them (e.g., cases, statutes, witness statements, newspaper articles, letters, and client interviews). You are required to use only the law provided in the problem. You must finish each problem in 90 minutes, and it can range from drafting a contract, to writing a brief, memorandum, or client letter.
The National Conference of Bar Examiners "Study Aids" web page includes MPTs and Point Sheets from past bar exams. The Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions - Bar Examination web page includes MPT Summaries and Selected Answers from February 2011 to present; they are included in the sample Ohio Bar Examination Essay Questions. Again, the C|M|Law Library has copies of Ohio Bar Examination Essay Questions and Selected Answers for 1992, 1994-2016, & 2018 - see KFO76 .Z9 O553.
UNIFORM BAR EXAMINATION (UBE) beginning July 2020
Ohio will begin to administer the UBE in July 2020. Please review the Supreme Court of Ohio Office of Bar Admissions website here for further information. The UBE consists of the Multistate Performance Test (MPT), Multistate Bar Examination (MBE), and Multistate Essay Examination (MEE).
Essay Portion of the Uniform Bar Exam (UBE) - Multistate Essay Examination (MEE)
The Multistate Essay Examination (MEE) consists of six 30 minute essays administered on Tuesday afternoon of the bar exam. All six essays are given to the applicant at the start of the test. Some questions may include issues in more than one area of law. The particular areas covered vary from exam to exam. The subjects may include:
- Business Associations (Agency and Partnership; Corporations and Limited Liability Companies)
- Civil Procedure
- Conflict of Laws
- Constitutional Law
- Contracts (Common Law and Sales)
- Criminal Law and Procedure
- Family Law
- Real Property
- Secured Transactions
- Trusts and Estates
The Multistate Professional Responsibility Exam (MPRE) is a multiple choice examination that tests one's knowledge of the rules of professional conduct for lawyers and judges. It is a 125 minute, multiple choice, 60 question examination. The MPRE is based on the ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct, ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct and controlling constitutional decisions. It can be taken any time during law school, and even after you’ve taken the bar examination. Many people take the MPRE during the Cleveland-Marshall College of Law Legal Profession (Law 643) course. Students are strongly encouraged to complete the MPRE requirement during law school.
The National Conference of Bar Examiners website includes MPRE Sample Test Questions, with answer keys. Note: These MPRE Sample Test Questions "do not represent all the material covered."
BC 8/16; LER 4/19